How to Speak Japanese

Emotional Adjectives : How to Express Your Feelings in Japanese


It is said that Japanese people are shy and not good at expressing their feelings. However, Japanese language has various emotional adjectives. The followings are basic ones. Let’s learn them and express your feelings in Japanese. *() means (formal) or  (casual / formal) 

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12 Emotional Adjectives: Try to Express Your feelings in Japanese 

Positive Feelings in Japanese

うれしい / glad, happy

うれしい( です)。 I’m glad / happy.
えてうれしい(です)。 I’m glad / happy to meet you.
今日きょう一年いちねん一番いちばんうれしい(です)。 Today is the happiest day of the year.

たのしい / enjoyable

今日きょうたのしかった(です)。 I had a very good time today.
きゅうたのしそう(だ / です)。 Baseball looks fun.
なかさんは一緒いっしょにいてとてもたのしい(です)。 Mr. Tanaka is great fun to be with.

面白おもしろい / interesting, amusing, entertaining, exciting

そのほん面白おもしろい(です)。 The book is interesting.
このマンガは面白おもしろい(です)。 This manga is exciting.
面白おもしろえいだった。 It was an entertaining movie.

かわいい / cute, pretty

わたしいもうとはかわいい(よ / ですよ)。 My younger sister is pretty.
かわいいねこ(だね / ですね)。 It’s a cute cat, isn’t it? 
かわいい! How cute!

きれい / beautiful

きれい(だよ / ですよ)。 You are beautiful.
このはなはきれい(だね / ですね)。 This flower is beautiful, isn’t it?
あのきれいなひとだれ(ですか)? Who is that beautiful woman?

たのもしい / reliable, dependable

たのもしい(です)。 You are dependable.
高橋たかはしさんはたのもしいどうりょう(だ / です)。 Mr. Takahashi is a reliable coworker.
かれたのもしい(ね / ですね)。 He is dependable, isn’t he?


Negative Feelings in Japanese

さびしい / lonely

さびしい(です)。 I’m lonely.
一人ひとりさびしい(です) 。 I am alone and lonely.
とうさんがいなくなるとさびしい(よ / です)。 I will miss you (Mr. Sato).

こわい / terrible, fearful, horrible

こわい(です)。 I’m scared.
ヘビがこわい(です)。 I’m afraid of snakes
ばくやまよりもこわい(です)。 A desert is more horrible than a mountain

かなしい / sad

かなしい(です)。 I’m sad.
かなしいけど、そのはなし本当ほんとう(だよ / です)。 Sadly, the story is true.
きゅうかなしくなって(きた / きました)。 I suddenly became sad.

つらい / tough, painful, bitter

これはいままでで一番いちばんつらいごとだった。 This is the toughest work I have ever done.
くのをるのはつらい(よ / です)。 It’s painful to see you crying. 
彼女かのじょわかれるのはつらかった(です)。 It was heartbreaking to part with her.

うらやましい / envious, jealous 

ああ、うらやましい! How I envy you!
すずさんがうらやましい(です)。 I’m envious of Mr. Suzuki.
わたしあねしっして(いた / いました)。 I was jealous of my older sister.

かわいそう / poor, pitiful 

かわいそうに。 What a pity!
とうさんがかわいそう(だよ / ですよ)。 I feel sorry for Ms. Sato.
かわいそうだから、これをあげるよ。 I will give you this out of charity.


When you speak in your second language, we think it is better that you straightforwardly express your feelings in order to avoid miscommunication.  Let’s try to use the above phrases!

Recommended Links

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24 Phrases: How to Say “I’m Not Feeling Well” in Japanese

For Girls, How to Propose to a MAN in Japanese

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