Instantaneous Composition Method

Japanese Grammar Exercise: Conditionals 「ば」「たら」

Conditionals ば たら

Before starting the exercise for conditionals 「ば」「たら」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Reference
Genki II –  Lesson 17 ~たら and Lesson 18: ~ばよかったです
Tae Kim’s Guide – Conditionals

Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Conditionals 「ば」「たら」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  If (it’s) cold, (I) cannot swim.
さむければおよげません。
 2.  If (it’s) not fun, (I) cannot continue.
たのしくなければ、つづけられません。
 3.  If Ken comes to Japan, (I) can see (him).
ケンがほんればえます。
 4.  If (I) explain, (it will) take a time.
説明せつめいすればかんがかかります。
 5.  If (you) don’t fix the watch, (you will) not know time.
けいなおさなければかんがわかりません。
 6.  If (it’s) sunny, let’s go to the mountains. 
れたらやまきましょう。
 7.  If (you’re) busy, shall I help (you)?
いそがしかったらつだいましょうか?
 8.  If (it’s) okay (with you), won’t (you) have lunch *with me (lit. together)? 
よかったら一緒いっしょひるごはんをべませんか?
 9.  If there is a mistake, (I will) fix (it).
ちがいがあったらなおします。
 10.  If (it) becomes dark, (it) is dangerous outside. 
くらくなったらそとあぶないです。

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