Before starting the exercise for explanatory 「のだ」「のです」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.
- Genki I – Lesson 12: ～んです
- Tae Kim’s Guide – Noun-related Particles (*second half)
Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Explanatory 「のだ」「のです」
This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.
- Audio File
English and Hidden Japanese Scripts
||(I) didn’t study. (Explanatory) (It) was difficult.
||(I) read books. (Explanatory) (I) was free.
||(I) didn’t sleep. (Explanatory) (I) was not sleepy.
||(I) stayed home. (Explanatory) (I) was not healthy.
||(I) cried. (Explanatory) (I) was scared.
||Are (you) busy? => (Explanatory) Yes, (I will) leave soon.
|忙しいですか？ => はい、すぐ出るんです。
||Is Japanese easy? => (Explanatory) No, Kanji is difficult.
|日本語は簡単ですか？ => いいえ、漢字が難しいんです。
||Will (you) eat cake? => (Explanatory) Yes, (I) like (it).
|ケーキを食べますか？ => はい、好きなんです。
||Will (you) go to school? => (Explanatory) No, today is a day off.
|学校に行きますか？ => いいえ、今日は休みの日なんです。
||Will (you) buy a car? => (Explanatory) No, a car is expensive.
|車を買いますか？ => いいえ、車は高いんです。
のだ is the casual form and のです is the polite form. In spoken Japanese, they are often pronounced at んだ and んです respectively for the sake of simplicity in terms of pronunciation.
Table of Content
How to Proceed with the Instantaneous Composition Method
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