Instantaneous Composition Method

Japanese Grammar Exercise: Expressing Unexpected Results 「ちゃう」「しまう」

Japanese Grammar: ちゃう しまう

Before starting the exercise for expressing unexpected results 「ちゃう」「しまう」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Genki II – Lesson 18: ~てしまう
Tae Kim’s Guide – Unintended Actions

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Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Expressing Unexpected Results 「ちゃう」「しまう」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  (Unintentionally) (I) have forgotten the homework.
 2.  (Unintentionally) (I) have broken the car.
 3.  (Regretfully) (I) have built a strange house.
 4.  (Regretfully) (I) have eaten cake.
 5.  (Regretfully) (I) have drunk alcohol.
 6.  (Unintentionally) (I) have laughed.
 7.  (Unintentionally) (I) have cried.
 8.  (Unintentionally) (I) have made a mistake.
 9.  (Regretfully) (I) have slept.
 10.  (Regretfully) (I) have broken the glass.


ちゃう has the same meaning as しまう, but ちゃう sounds more casual than しまう. Here, we’re following the formal expression.

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How to Proceed with the Instantaneous Composition Method

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