Before starting the exercise for expressing “without” 「ないで」「ず」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.
- Genki II – Lesson 20: ～ないで
- Tae Kim’s Guide – More negative verbs
Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Expressing “Without” 「ないで」「ず」
This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.
- Audio File
English and Hidden Japanese Scripts
||(I will) watch the movie without eating a meal.
||(I will) build a house without borrowing money.
||(I’m) studying without reading a book.
||(I’m) running without wearing a jacket.
||(I) sold the table without repairing (it).
||(I) played baseball without practicing.
||(I) went out without deciding the schedule.
||(I will) go to school without sleeping today.
||(I will) go to bed without turning off the light.
||As for Japanese, (you) cannot understand (it) without knowing Hiragana.
「ないで」 and 「ず」 have the same meaning. However, ず slightly sounds more formal.
Table of Content
How to Proceed with the Instantaneous Composition Method
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