Before starting the exercise for particles: 「は」「も」「が」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.
Genki I – Lesson 2: The particle も, Lesson 3: The topic particle は, Lesson 8: The particle が
Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Particles: 「は」「も」「が」
This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.
English and Hidden Japanese Scripts
Is Kobayashi-san Japanese? => Yes, I am.
小林さんは日本人ですか？ => はい、日本人です。
Is Kim-san Japanese? => No, I am not.
キムさんは日本人ですか？ => いいえ、日本人じゃありません。
Today is sunny.
(What about) tomorrow? =>Tomorrow is rainy.
明日は？ => 明日は雨です。
Is Kato-san a teacher? => Yes, and Nomura-san is also a teacher.
加藤さんは先生ですか？ => はい、それと野村さんも先生です。
Is Kato-san a teacher? => Yes, but Sasaki-san is not a teacher.
加藤さんは先生ですか？ => はい、でも佐々木さんは先生じゃありません。
Is Kato-san a student? => No, and Nomura-san is also not a student.
加藤さんは学生ですか？ => いいえ、それと野村さんも学生じゃありません。
Who is the one that is a teacher? => Kato-san is the one that is a teacher.
誰が先生ですか？ => 加藤さんが先生です。
As for me, (I am) a teacher.
I am the one that is a teacher
In Japanese, people generally use one’s name, instead of あなた (you). Thus, in the example sentences above, we use “Yes/No, I’m (not)” to reply to the questions.