Instantaneous Composition Method

Japanese Grammar Exercises: Expressing Possessives and Modifier 「の」

Possessives and Modifier 「の」

Before starting the exercise for expressing possessives and modifier 「の」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Genki I – Lesson 1: The particle の, Lesson 2: だれの noun
Tae Kim’s Guide – Noun-related Particles

Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Expressing Possessives and Modifier 「の」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  This is my meal. 
 2.  That refrigerator is mine.
 3.  This hat is Suzuki-san’s. 
 4.  Whose book is this? => This is Tanaka-san’s book.
これはだれほんですか? => これはなかさんのほんです。


 5.  Whose clothes are those?  => They are Yamamoto-san’s clothes.
あれはだれふくですか? => あれは山本やまもとさんのふくです。
 6.  I’m a school teacher.
 7.  Lee-san is a Chinese student.
 8.  This is a book about cars.
 9.  Tokyo is a city of Japan.
 10.  The roof of the house is red.


The concept of the plurality in Japanese is completely different from English. We never consider items such as clothes to be plural. Therefore, although we showed “those” and “they” in the English script, you need to use singular words based on the object instead of “あれら”.

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