Instantaneous Composition Method

Japanese Grammar Exercises: Wh-question 「なに」「なん」

Wh-question なに なん

Before starting the exercise for wh-question 「なに」「なん」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Wasabi Grammatical Support – なに vs. なん, How to Identify the Proper Pronunciation of 何

Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Wh-question 「なに」「なん」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  What is this? => This is a pencil.
これはなんですか? => これは鉛筆えんぴつです。
 2.  What is that? => That is an ashtray. 
あれはなんですか? => あれは灰皿はいざらです。
 3.  What are these? => They are shoes.
これはなんですか? => これはくつです。
 4.  What are those? => They are chopsticks.
あれはなんですか? => あれはおはしです。
 5.  What is (your) hobby? => (It’s) travel. 
しゅなんですか? => 旅行りょこうです。
 6.  What are (you) drinking? => (I’m) drinking coffee.
なにんでいますか?=> コーヒーをんでいます。
 7.  What are (you) eating? => (I’m) eating cake.
なにべていますか? => ケーキをべています。
 8.  What are (you) doing? => (I’m) studying.
なにをしていますか? => べんきょうをしています。 
 9.  What flowers do (you) have? => (I) have roses.
なんはなっていますか? => バラをっています。 
 10.  What songs do (you) like? => (I) like “Imagine.” 
なんうたきですか? => イマジンがきです。 


The concept of the plurality in Japanese is completely different from English. We never consider items such as chopsticks and shoes to be plural. Therefore, although we showed “these”, “those” and “they” in the English script, you need to use singular words based on the object instead of “これら” and “あれら”.

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