Before starting the exercise for expressing similarity or metaphor 「よう」「みたい」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.
- Genki II – Lesson 17: ～みたいです and Lesson 22: ～のような / ～のように
- Tae Kim’s Guide – Various ways to express similarity and hearsay
Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Expressing Similarity or Metaphor 「よう」「みたい」
This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.
- Audio File
English and Hidden Japanese Scripts
||Hamada-san is like a student.
||Matsumoto-san is like a teacher.
||(It’s) like a dream.
||Today is like (a) summer (day).
||This train is like the wind.
||This apple is as sweet as (if it was) sugar.
||Suzuki-san is as kind as (if he was my) father.
||Tanaka-san reads books aloud as (if he is) singing.
||Ichiro runs as (if he) flies
||(I) slept as (if I) died.
「よう」 and 「みたい」 are interchangeable. However, 「みたい」 is more casual and generally used in spoken language. Here, we’re following the formal one. One important thing is when you modify a noun, the inflection is different. In regards to 「よう」, You need to attach 「の」 to a noun as follows:
- お父さんのようだ vs. お父さんみたいだ
Table of Content
How to Proceed with the Instantaneous Composition Method
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