Instantaneous Composition Method

Japanese Grammar: Expressing Specific Time Actions or Events 「ながら」「…間に」「ばかり」

Japanese Grammar: ながら あいだに ばかり

Before starting the exercise for expressing specific time actions or events 「ながら」「…あいだに」「ばかり」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Genki II – Lesson 18: ~ながら, Lesson 21: ~間に
Tae Kim’s Guide – Time-specific actions

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Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Expressing Specific Time Actions or Events 「ながら」「…あいだに」「ばかり」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  (I) have just eaten a meal.
 2.  (I) have just watched that movie. 
 3.  (I) have just come now. 
 4.  While (you) are in Japan, let’s go to Kyoto. 
 5.  While (I) was sleeping, (my) mother came to (my) house. 
 6.  While (I) was studying, the movie finished. 
 7.  (I’m) studying while talking. 
 8.  (I’m) waiting while singing. 
 9.  While (it’s) unfortunate, (I) cannot go today.
 10.  Even while (it was) worrying, (I didn’t) ask anything. 


The difference between 「あいだに」 and 「ながら」 is whether 「あいだに」 expresses a range of time or 「ながら」 expresses a continuous action or state.

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How to Proceed with the Instantaneous Composition Method

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