Instantaneous Composition Method

Japanese Grammar: 「…てある (Resultant States)」 「…ておく (Preparation for the Future)」

Japanese Grammar: てある ておく

Before starting the exercise for expressing 「…てある (Resultant States)」 and 「…ておく (Preparation for the Future)」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Reference
Genki II – Lesson 15: ~おく and Lesson 21: ~てある
Tae Kim’s Guide – Other uses of the te-form

Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Expressing 「…てある (Resultant States)」 「…ておく (Preparation for the Future)」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  The dinner is already made. 
よるごはんはもうつくってあります。
 2.  The door is closed.
ドアがめてあります。
 3.  The clothes have been thrown away.
ふくててあります。
 4.  The shoes are lined up.
くつならべてあります。
 5.  The window is open. 
まどけてあります。
 6.  (I) have rested (for the future).
やすんでおきました。
 7.  (I) have made a reservation (for the future).
やくしておきました。
 8.  (I) have read Japanese books (for the future). 
ほんほんんでおきました。
 9.  (I will) eat a lot of meals (for the future).
たくさんごはんをべておきます。
 10.  (I will) write a letter (for the future).
がみいておきます。

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How to Proceed with the Instantaneous Composition Method

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