Before starting the exercise for expressing 「…てある (Resultant States)」 and 「…ておく (Preparation for the Future)」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.
- Genki II – Lesson 15: ～おく and Lesson 21: ～てある
- Tae Kim’s Guide – Other uses of the te-form
Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Expressing 「…てある (Resultant States)」 「…ておく (Preparation for the Future)」
This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.
- Audio File
English and Hidden Japanese Scripts
||The dinner is already made.
||The door is closed.
||The clothes have been thrown away.
||The shoes are lined up.
||The window is open.
||(I) have rested (for the future).
||(I) have made a reservation (for the future).
||(I) have read Japanese books (for the future).
||(I will) eat a lot of meals (for the future).
||(I will) write a letter (for the future).
Table of Content
How to Proceed with the Instantaneous Composition Method
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