Sentence Patterns

Japanese Grammar

Expressions for Numbers and Amounts: も, だけ, しか, ばかり, and すぎる

しか: only

Last time, you learned how to express comparison, e.g. “田た中なかさんは玉たまねぎより芋いもを食たべます (Tanaka-san eats potatoes more than onions).” Then, if you would like to say, “Tanaka-san eats ONLY potatoes,” what should you say? In this lessons, we will delve deeply into the world of numbers and amounts. How to Express Numbers and Amounts in Various Ways Table […]

Japanese Grammar

Japanese Comparison: より, …の方が, and …で一番

Comparison より

Last time, you learned how to express quotations and definitions, e.g. “ボブは日に本ほん語ごが上手うまいと聞きいた (I heard that Bob is good at Japanese).” However, if you would like to say “I heard that Bob speaks Japanese better than John,” what should you do? In this lesson, you will learn how to express comparison. Explanation for How to Express […]

Japanese Grammar

Quotation と, という, and ように

Quotation: ように

Last time, you learned how to use 行いく and 来くる as helping verbs like 学校がっこうまで走はしっていきます (I will run and go to school). Now, you can express motion of subjects, motion of objects, and a time flow. Then, if you would like to say “I heard that you would run and go to school,” what should […]

Japanese Grammar

Helping Verbs: …ていく and …てくる

Helping Verb

Last time, you learned how to express giving and receiving, e.g. 田た中なかさんが日に本ほん語ごを教おしえてくれた (Tanaka-san taught [me] Japanese). By using the helping verb: てくれる, you can express your gratitude. In Japanese, helping verbs have an important role. In this lesson, you will learn other key helping verbs. Explanation for How Helping Verbs: …ていく and …てくる Work Table […]

Japanese Grammar

Receiving and Giving: あげる,くれる, and もらう

Giving: あげる

Last time, you learned how the causative form works like 子こ供どもに勉べん強きょうをさせる ([I] will make my child study). In passive and causative sentences, you have to pay attention to people’s positions such as doers and direction-givers. In this lesson, you will tackle one of the concepts unique to Japanese: receiving and giving. This is also involved with […]

Japanese Grammar

Japanese Causative Form with the particle に and を

Causative Form: させる

Last time, you learned how to make passive sentences: 観光かんこう客きゃくに道みちを聞きかれました (I was asked the way by a tourist). The particle に works to indicate the doer in this context. In other words, subjects and doers are different in passive sentences. In this lesson, you will tackle a similar structure: causative sentences. Explanation for How Japanese Causative […]

Japanese Grammar

Japanese Passive Form with the particle に, から and によって

Passive Form: される

Last time, you learned how to express potential like “日に本ほん語ごを話はなせる (I can speak Japanese)” and “漢かん字じを書かくことができる (I can write kanji).” In Japanese, you can express various things by conjugating verbs. Here, you will learn another form: the Japanese passive form. Explanation for How Japanese Passive Form Works Table of Contents Conjugation Rule Basic Sentence Pattern […]

Japanese Grammar

Japanese Potential Form: (ら)れる and ことができる

Japanese Potential Form

Last time, you learned how to express change in Japanese, e.g. “先生せんせいになる: I will become a teacher,” and “子こ供どもを先生せんせいにする: I will make my child a teacher”. Furthermore, there may be times when you want to say “I can become a teacher.” In this lesson, you will learn how to express potential. Explanation for How Japanese […]

Japanese Grammar

Expressing Change: なる and する

Expressing Change: なる

In this section, you will learn several key sentence patterns such as Japanese potential, passive, and causative form. We express various things by conjugating verbs. Since you have already completed Japanese basic grammar, all you need to do is to memorize conjugation patterns. Here, you will learn how to express change. Explanation for How なる […]