Instantaneous Composition Method

Particles with Verbs: 「を (Direct Object)」「に (Target)」

Particles を and に

Before starting the exercise for particles with verbs: 「を (Direct Object)」「に (Target)」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Genki I – Lesson 3: The particle を, で, に and へ
Tae Kim’s Guide – Particles used with verbs

Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Particles with Verbs: 「を (Direct Object)」「に (Target)」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  (I will) eat lunch.
 2.  (I will) drink coffee.
 3.  (I) often sing songs.
 4.  (I) wash my hair every night.


 5.  (I will) buy a book.
 6.  (I will) go home.
 7.  (I) go to the library every evening.
 8.  (I will) meet (my) friend.
 9.  (I will) sit down on the chair.
 10.  (I will) ask my teacher.


Grammatically, Japanese uses the same form for the present tense and future tense. We express actions or states in the future using time expressions: 今晩こんばん (this evening) 明日あした (tomorrow), 来年らいねん (next year), etc. Even if there is not a key phrase, the context basically tells the listener whether or not it is a routine action or future action.

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How to Proceed with the Instantaneous Composition Method

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