Instantaneous Composition Method

Japanese Grammar: Expressing Judgment 「よう」「みたい」「そう」

Japanese Grammar: よう そう

Before starting the exercise for expressing judgment 「よう」「みたい」「そう」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Genki II – Lesson 13: ~そうです
Tae Kim’s Guide – Various ways to express similarity and hearsay

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Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Expressing Judgment 「よう」「みたい」「そう」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  (It) seems that going out at night is dangerous.
 2.  The outside looks dangerous. 
 3.  (It) seems that no one is here.  
 4.  (It) looks like no one is here. 
 5.  (It) seems that Natto is not delicious. 
 6.  (It) looks like Natto is not delicious. 
 7.  (It) seems that Tanaka-san (will) arrive soon. 
 8.  (It) looks like Tanaka-san (will) arrive soon. 
 9.  (It) seems that Noguchi-san (will) lose (a game). 
 10.  (It) looks like Noguchi-san (will) lose (a game). 


「よう」 and 「みたい」 are interchangeable. However, みたい is more casual and generally used in spoken language. Here, we’re following the formal expression. The difference between 「よう」 and 「そう」 is whether people judge something by considering a situation or appearance.

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How to Proceed with the Instantaneous Composition Method

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