Instantaneous Composition Method

Japanese Grammar: Expressing “Just” & “Only” 「だけ」「しか…ない」

Japanese Grammar: だけ しか

Before starting the exercise for expressing “just” and “only” 「だけ」「しか…ない」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Reference
Genki II – Lesson 14: しか
Tae Kim’s Guide – Expressing Amounts

Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Expressing “Just” and “Only” 「だけ」「しか…ない」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  (I) have just one day off.
やすみの一日いちにちだけあります。
 2.  There is only me in the park.
公園こうえんわたしだけがいました。
 3.  I’m the only one that did the homework.
わたしだけが宿しゅくだいをしました。
 4.  I’m the only one that knows (the fact).
わたしだけがっています。
 5.  (I’m) just looking at (that). 
ているだけです。
 6.  Kato-san is just angry. 
とうさんはおこっているだけです。
 7.  There is nothing but bad restaurants in the town.
まち不味まずいレストランしかありません。
 8.  There is nobody but me in the school.
学校がっこうわたししかいません。 
 9.  There is nothing to do but ask the teacher (to do something). 
先生せんせいたのむしかありません。
 10.  There is nothing to do but run away.
げるしかありません。

 

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