Instantaneous Composition Method

Japanese Grammar: Expressing Inanimate and Animate Existence 「ある」「いる」

Inanimate and Animate Existence 「ある」「いる」

Before starting the exercise for expressing inanimate and animate existence: 「ある」「いる」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Genki I – Lesson 4: Xがあります/います
Tae Kim’s Guide – Existence Verbs

Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Expressing Inanimate and Animate Existence 「ある」「いる」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  There is a cat.
 2.  There is a dog.
 3.  There is a textbook.
 4.  There is a jacket.
 5.  There is a station.
 6.  There is not a child.
 7.  There is not an adult.
 8.  There is not a bird.
 9.  There is not a fruit.
 10.  There is not a car.


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