Instantaneous Composition Method

Japanese Grammar: Direct and Indirect Quotes 「と」「って」

Japanese Grammar: と って

Before starting the exercise for direct and indirect quotes 「と」「って」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Tae Kim’s Guide – Acting on relative clauses

Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Direct and Indirect Quotes 「と」「って」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  (I) heard that Tani-san has a lot of manga.
 2.  (I) heard that fish in Japan is delicious.
 3.  (I) heard that there is a beautiful river.  
 4.  The teacher said that dictionaries are useful.


 5.  (My) father said that (my) mother is pretty.  
 6.  Tanaka-san said that (he) wants to go to the mountains.
 7.  (I) think that Suzuki-san is a university student.
 8.  (I) think that this pastry is cheap. 
 9.  (I) thought that (you) already went home.
 10.  (I) thought (I) lost (a game). 


「と」 and 「って」 are interchangeable. However, 「って」 is more casual and can be used only in spoken language. Here, we’re following the formal expression.

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