Instantaneous Composition Method

Japanese Grammar: Expressing Giving and Receiving 「あげる」「くれる」「もらう」

Japanese Grammar; あげる くれる もらう

Before starting the exercise for expressing giving and receiving 「あげる」「くれる」「もらう」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Genki II – Lesson 14: あげる / くれる / もらう and Lesson 16: ~てくれる / あげる / もらう
Tae Kim’s Guide – Giving and Receiving

Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Expressing Giving and Receiving 「あげる」「くれる」「もらう」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  (I) gave a present to (my) girlfriend.
 2.  (I will) repair the watch (for you). (lit. I will give you the favor of repairing the watch.) 
 3.  (My) boyfriend gave a present (to me). 
 4.  (My) friend repaired the watch (for me). (lit. My friend gave me the favor of repairing the watch.) 


 5.  (My) teacher (will) give a pencil (to me).
 6.  (My) mother (will) lend the book (to me). (lit. My mother will give me the favor of lending the book.) 
 7.  (I) received a present from (my) friend. 
 8.  (I) got a letter written by Shimizu-san. 
 9.  (I will) receive a picture from Abe-san. 
 10.  (I will) have a photo taken by (my) friend. 


「…てあげます」 may sound rude, like giving something from a superior person to an inferior person. When you are in formal situations or need to be polite, it is better that you use the expression of making offers; 「…ましょうか?」instead of 「あげる」.

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