Instantaneous Composition Method

Japanese Grammar: Expressing Giving and Receiving 「あげる」「くれる」「もらう」

Japanese Grammar; あげる くれる もらう

Before starting the exercise for expressing giving and receiving 「あげる」「くれる」「もらう」, please clarify any doubts you may have about the grammatical rules by referring to your grammar guidebook or dictionary. The Instantaneous Composition Method requires you to compose sentences with the target sentence pattern(s) over and over in order to use them almost effortlessly. You should already have the necessary knowledge.

Reference
Genki II – Lesson 14: あげる / くれる / もらう and Lesson 16: ~てくれる / あげる / もらう
Tae Kim’s Guide – Giving and Receiving

Instantaneous Composition Exercise for Expressing Giving and Receiving 「あげる」「くれる」「もらう」

This is not a translation exercise. This is the Instantaneous Composition Exercise. As if a reflexive action, try to create an equivalent Japanese sentence shortly after reading an English script. Try not to think for more than three seconds.

Audio File

English and Hidden Japanese Scripts

 1.  (I) gave a present to (my) girlfriend.
彼女かのじょにプレゼントをあげました。
 2.  (I will) repair the watch (for you). (lit. I will give you the favor of repairing the watch.) 
けいなおしてあげます。 
 3.  (My) boyfriend gave a present (to me). 
かれがプレゼントをくれました。 
 4.  (My) friend repaired the watch (for me). (lit. My friend gave me the favor of repairing the watch.) 
友達ともだちけいなおしてくれました。 
 5.  (My) teacher (will) give a pencil (to me).
先生せんせい鉛筆えんぴつをくれます。 
 6.  (My) mother (will) lend the book (to me). (lit. My mother will give me the favor of lending the book.) 
かあさんがほんしてくれます。 
 7.  (I) received a present from (my) friend. 
友達ともだちからプレゼントをもらいました。 
 8.  (I) got a letter written by Shimizu-san. 
みずさんにがみいてもらいました。 
 9.  (I will) receive a picture from Abe-san. 
阿部あべさんからをもらいます。 
 10.  (I will) have a photo taken by (my) friend. 
友達ともだち写真しゃしんをとってもらいます。 

Note

「…てあげます」 may sound rude, like giving something from a superior person to an inferior person. When you are in formal situations or need to be polite, it is better that you use the expression of making offers; 「…ましょうか?」instead of 「あげる」.

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